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Dukedom of York

Subsidiary titles

Earl of Inverness
Baron Killeylagh

Inaugural Holder

Edmund of Langley

Current holder

H.R.H. The Prince Andrew

Consort

Sarah Ferguson
(m. 1986 - 1996)

Formation

1385

Duke of York is the title awarded to the second son of the Sovereign.

Dukes of YorkEdit

First creation (1385 - 1415, 1425 - 1461)Edit

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Edmund of Langley

House of York(founder) 1385–1402[2] also: Earl of Cambridge(1362)

[1] 5 June 1341

Kings Langley son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault

Isabella of Castile

1372 3 children

Joan de Holland no children

1 August 1402 Kings Langley aged 61

Edward of Norwich

House of York 1402–1415[3] also: Duke of Aumale (1397–1399), Earl of Cambridge(1362–1414), Earl of Rutland(1390–1402), Earl of Cork (c. 1396)

[2] 1373

Norwich son of Edmund of Langley and Isabella of Castile

Philippa de Mohun

no children

25 October 1415

Agincourt aged 42

Edward of Norwich's brother, Richard of Conisburgh, had been attainted and executed for treason in August 1415. This attainture stood in the way of his son Richard of York succeeding Edward until the king deemed it prudent to restore them.
Richard (Plantagenet) of York

House of York 1425–1460[4] also: Lord Protector of EnglandPrince of Wales andEarl of ChesterDuke of Cornwall (1460, see Act of Accord); Earl of Ulster (1264),Earl of March (1328), Earl of Cambridge (1414, restored 1426), feudal Lord of Clare (bt. 1066–1075), Baron Mortimer of Wigmore (1331)

[3] 21 September 1411

son of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge and Anne de Mortimer

Cecily Neville

1437 13 children

30 December 1460

Wakefield aged 49

Edward Plantagenet

House of York 1460–1461[5] also: Earl of Ulster (1264), Earl of March (1328), Earl of Cambridge (1414), feudal Lord of Clare (bt. 1066–1075),Baron Mortimer of Wigmore(1331)

[4] 28 April 1442

Rouen son of Richard of Yorkand Cecily Neville

Elizabeth Woodville

1 May 1464 10 children

9 April 1483

Westminster aged 40

Edward Plantagenet seized the throne as Edward IV in 1461, and all of his titles merged with the crown.

Second creation (1474 - 1483)Edit

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Richard of Shrewsbury

House of York 1474–1483 also: Duke of Norfolk (1477),Earl of Nottingham (1476), possibly Earl of Warenne(1477)

[5] 17 August 1473

Shrewsbury son of Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville

Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk

15 January 1478 no children

unknown
How Prince Richard died is a controversial, frequently debated topic and there is no solid evidence for his date, age or place of death. He was last seen in the Tower of London along with his brother, becoming popularly known as one of thePrinces in the Tower. Since he died without issue his titles became extinct.

Third creation (1494 - 1509)Edit

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Henry Tudor

(later Henry VIII of England) House of Tudor 1494–1509[6] also: Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1504), Duke of Cornwall (1502)

[6] 28 June 1491

Greenwich Palace son of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York

Catherine of Aragon

11 June 1509 1 child

Anne Boleyn 25 January 1533 1 child

Jane Seymour 30 May 1536 1 child

Anne of Cleves 6 January 1540 no children

Catherine Howard 28 July 1540 no children

Catherine Parr 12 July 1543 no children

28 January 1547

Whitehall Palace aged 55

Henry's older brother Arthur, Prince of Wales predeceased their father, so Henry was made Prince of Wales and succeeded his father as Henry VIII in 1509, and all of his titles merged with the crown

Fourt creation (1605 - 1625)Edit

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles Stuart

("Saint Charles the Martyr") House of Stuart 1605–1625[7] also: Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1616), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of Rothesay (1398), Duke of AlbanyMarquess of Ormond(1600), Earl of Carrick (1398),Earl of Ross (1600), Baron Renfrew (1398), Lord Ardmannoch (1600), Lord of the Isles, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1398)

[7] 19 November 1600

Dunfermline Palace son of James VI and Iand Anne of Denmark

Henrietta Maria of France

13 June 1625 9 children

30 January 1649

Whitehall Palace aged 48

Charles' older brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales predeceased their father, so Charles was made Prince of Wales, and went on to succeed as Charles I in 1625, when all of his titles merged with the crown.

Fifth creation (1633, 1644 - 1685)Edit

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
James Stuart

House of Stuart 1633/1644–1685[8] also: Duke of Albany (1660),Earl of Ulster (1659)

[8] 14 October 1633

St. James's Palace son of Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France

Anne Hyde

3 September 1660 8 children

Mary of Modena 21 November 1673 7 children

16 September 1701

Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye aged 67

Prince James was styled Duke of York from birth and officially created as such in 1644. When his brother died without legitimate issue, James succeeded as James II & VII in 1685, and his titles merged with the English Crown

Dukes of York and Albany Edit

Sixth creation (1892 - 1910)Edit

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince George

House of Windsor 1892–1910[9] also: Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1901), Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick (1398), Earl of Inverness(1600), Baron Renfrew (1398), Baron Killarney (1892), Lord of the Isles, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1398)

[9] 3 June 1865

Marlborough House son of Edward VII of the United Kingdom andAlexandra of Denmark

Mary of Teck

6 July 1893 6 children

20 January 1936

Sandringham House aged 70

Prince George succeeded as George V in 1910 upon his father's death, and his titles merged with the crown

Seventh creationEdit

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince Albert

House of Windsor 1920–1936[10] also: Earl of Inverness, Baron Killarney (1920)

[10] 14 December 1895

Sandringham House son of George V of the United Kingdom andMary of Teck

Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

26 April 1923 2 children

6 February 1952

Sandringham House aged 56

Prince Albert succeeded as George VI upon his brother's abdication in 1936, and his titles merged with the crown

Eighth creationEdit

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince Andrew

House of Windsor 1986–present[11] also: Earl of Inverness, Baron Killyleagh (1986)

[11] 19 February 1960

Buckingham Palace son of Elizabeth II andPrince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

Sarah Ferguson

23 July 1986 – 30 May 1996 (divorce) 2 children

Incumbent
If Prince Andrew has no legitimate male heirs, which presently he does not, all his titles will become extinct upon his death.

Duchesses of YorkEdit

DUCHESSES OF YORK 1385 - 1685

  1. Infanta Isabella of Castile (1372–1392) – The wife of Edmund of Langley, Isabella predeceased her husband and died at Kings Langley Manor House in HertfordshireEngland.
  2. Joan Holland (1393–1402) – Edmund of Langley's second wife, Joan survived her husband and went on to marry three other noblemen: William de Willoughby, 5th Lord Willoughby de Eresby; Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham; and Henry Bromflete, 1st Lord Vessy.
  3. Philippa de Mohun (1402-1415) – A twice widowed noblewoman, she married Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York,Duke of Albemarle. Her two previous husbands were Walter FitzWalter and Sir John Golafre.
  4. Cecily Neville (1425–1460) – Cecily married Richard Plantagenet and survived her husband and all four sons, entering into a largely religious life and dying in 1495 after receiving a papal indulgence.
  5. Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk (1478–1481) – Anne was the child bride of Richard of Shrewsbury, one of the Princes in the Tower. She did not survive her young husband and died at the age of nine.
  6. Lady Anne Hyde (1660–1671) – Anne predeceased her husband James before he became King, having contractedbreast cancer. Her Protestant daughters became, successively, Queen Mary II and Queen Anne.
  7. Mary of Modena (1673–1685) - Later Queen Mary, the second wife of James II of England. Although she was a Roman Catholic and bore him a son James Francis Edward Stuart, because of his religion he did not succeed and instead was supplanted jointly by her stepdaughter Mary II and Mary II's husband William III. Mary of Modena's direct descendants were known as the Jacobites and remain so to this day.

DUCHESSES OF YORK AND ALBANY...

DUCHESSES OF YORK 1893 - present

  1. Princess Mary of Teck (1893–1901) – Princess Mary became Duchess of Cornwall and York when her grandmother-in-law Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901 and her husband became heir apparent. On 9 November of that year she became Princess of Wales when her husband was created Prince of Wales. Princess Mary became Queen Consort on 6 May 1910 when her husband succeeded to the throne as George V.
  2. Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1923–1936) – Known as The Smiling Duchess, she became Queen Consort when her husband succeeded to the throne on 10 December 1936 as George VI following the abdication of his elder brother,Edward VIII.
  3. Sarah Ferguson (1986–1996) - Considered a close friend of Diana, Princess of Wales, she was introduced to the second eldest son of Queen Elizabeth IIPrince Andrew, whom she married on 23 July 1986. Following their high-profile marriage and divorce, she became known as Sarah, Duchess of York (the proper address for divorced wives of peers). In addition, she lost the style of Royal Highness as well as all other dignities related to the title of British princess. It is also important to note that since their divorce, it is merely a courtesy style which she holds and that she is no longer THE Duchess of York (this title would be accorded to any future wife of Prince Andrew). Therefore she is also not a peeress nor entitled to the style 'Her Grace'. If Sarah, Duchess of York remarries, any use of the style Duchess of York will be lost permanently.

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